Theology is often defined as a system of beliefs and ideas related to religious issues and concerns. Based on that, there are many different theologies related to the Monotheistic religions, specifically Judaism and Christianity. This article gives a short description of 3 different theologies.
Having existed for more than 3,000 years, it is one of the oldest monotheistic religions known to humans. It came as an evident break from the other eastern religions when it portrayed God as a one who has a relationship with His people. Much of the current practice is dictated through holy scripts such as the Tanakh, which is the Jewish Bible. Many of the practices come from laws and rules that have been developed by theologians over the years. Those rules are often seen as the ultimate behavior against which the Jewish people will be judged on their lives.
Roman Catholic theology
Basically, it refers to the teaching and rulings of the Roman Catholic Church. It is based on the fundamental belief that God, the Father, Jesus, the Son of God, and the Holy Spirit form a trinity that guides the people and prevents them from falling in eternal sin. Seven sacraments have been professed by the church and are considered the primary identifier of the path on which Catholics should structure their lives. Some of those such as a baptism, confirmation and anointing the sick are mandatory while others such as Holy Matrimony and Holy Orders are not. In addition to the belief that Jesus Christ represents the eternal salvation of His people, the doctrine is based on the idea of free will, forgiveness and an afterlife where the soul receives the final judgment for punishment to eternal hell or reward to eternal heaven.
Despite being a major branch of Christianity, its origins date to the early 16th century. Having broken away from traditional Catholicism, it has rejected much of the traditions that have ruled the church back then and refer to the Bible as the highest authority. The Protestant theology takes a critical look at the bible but considers it the ultimate fundamental rule. While the doctrine encourages and appreciates good works, it certainly does not precede faith as the basis for the eternal salvation. Furthermore, spreading the faith among society and into the realm of political life and education is seen as an essential part of practicing the faith.
As you may know, there are several different theologies of the world, with billions of people practicing in their own faith. Above are just three examples of the theologies of the world.
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 For more information, please visit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Catholic_theology